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Politica, ricerca e sviluppo


Politica, ricerca e sviluppo
Science, Technology and Innovation in Italy

Italy has continued the structural reforms and fiscal consolidation undertaken since 2011 to put the economy on a sustainable growth path based on sound macroeconomic fundamentals.

The government’s decree law Sblocca Italia (September 2014) introduced a series of provisions aimed at supporting the national productive sector and boosting competitiveness.

The major actions funded through the decree law include: 1) strategic infrastructures, railway and highway networks; 2) new social security benefits/provisions; 3) the internationalisation of enterprises; 4) interventions against hydrogeological instability and for enhancing water infrastructures; 5) a more efficient exploitation of national oil and gas resources; 6) the renovation of buildings; and 7) energy recovery from waste. Top STI policy priorities also include an increase in public investment, the relaunch of the industrial system, reducing unemployment, and reform of education and research.

For further details: OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016 - Italy"


Science, Technology and Innovation in India

India is one of the world’s largest, fast-growing emerging economies, with a rapidly increasing population. Thanks to strong economic growth for nearly a decade, poverty has been cut in half. Growth faltered between 2012 and 2014 when it picked up again.

Through its national strategy, Decade of Innovations 201020, the government aims to strengthen S&T capacities based on “a strong and visible Science, Research and Innovation System for High Technology-led path for India” (SRISHTI).

The goal is to raise gross domestic expenditure on R&D to 2% of GDP with a doubling of the business contribution by 2020. The 12th FiveYear Plan (201217) emphasises reinforcing India’s education system, boosting investment in S&T and fostering translational research.

For further details: "OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016 - India"